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HTML Text Formatting

HTML Formatting Elements

In the previous chapter, you learned about the HTML style attribute.

HTML also defines special elements for defining text with a special meaning.

HTML uses elements like <b> and <i> for formatting output, like bold or italic text.

Formatting elements were designed to display special types of text:

  • <b> – Bold text
  • <strong> – Important text
  • <i> – Italic text
  • <em> – Emphasized text
  • <mark> – Marked text
  • <small> – Small text
  • <del> – Deleted text
  • <ins> – Inserted text
  • <sub> – Subscript text
  • <sup> – Superscript text

HTML <b> and <strong> Elements

The HTML <b> element defines bold text, without any extra importance.

Example

<b>This text is bold</b>

The HTML <strong> element defines strong text, with added semantic “strong” importance.

Example

<strong>This text is strong</strong>


HTML <i> and <em> Elements

The HTML <i> element defines italic text, without any extra importance.

Example

<i>This text is italic</i>

The HTML <em> element defines emphasized text, with added semantic importance.

Example

<em>This text is emphasized</em>

Note: Browsers display <strong> as <b>, and <em> as <i>. However, there is a difference in the meaning of these tags: <b> and <i> defines bold and italic text, but <strong> and <em> means that the text is “important”.


HTML <small> Element

The HTML <small> element defines smaller text:

Example

<h2>HTML <small>Small</small> Formatting</h2>


HTML <mark> Element

The HTML <mark> element defines marked/highlighted text:

Example

<h2>HTML <mark>Marked</mark> Formatting</h2>


HTML <del> Element

The HTML <del> element defines deleted/removed text.

Example

<p>My favorite color is <del>blue</del> red.</p>


HTML <ins> Element

The HTML <ins> element defines inserted/added text.

Example

<p>My favorite <ins>color</ins> is red.</p>


HTML <sub> Element

The HTML <sub> element defines subscripted text.

Example

<p>This is <sub>subscripted</sub> text.</p>


HTML <sup> Element

The HTML <sup> element defines superscripted text.

Example

<p>This is <sup>superscripted</sup> text.</p>


HTML Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Add extra importance to the word “degradation” in the paragraph below.<p>
WWF’s mission is to stop the degradation of our planet’s natural environment.
</p>
Submit Answer »


HTML Text Formatting Elements

TagDescription
<b>Defines bold text
<em>Defines emphasized text 
<i>Defines italic text
<small>Defines smaller text
<strong>Defines important text
<sub>Defines subscripted text
<sup>Defines superscripted text
<ins>Defines inserted text
<del>Defines deleted text
<mark>Defines marked/highlighted text